Key facts on HIV epidemic and progress in regions and countries in 2010
Based on Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response
Middle East and North Africa
The region recorded its highest number of people newly infected with HIV in 2010 – an estimated 59 000, or 36% more than the 43 000 estimated to have been newly infected in 2001.
In the same period, the estimated number of people living with HIV rose steeply, from 320 000 to 470 000, as did the number of people dying from AIDS-related causes, which increased from 22 000 in 2001 to 35 000 in 2010.
The number of children younger than 15 years living with HIV almost doubled from 24 000 to 40 000 between 2001 and 2010.
The number of children newly infected rose from 5 400 to 6 800, and the number of children dying from AIDS-related causes increased from 2 600 to 3 900 in the same period.
The region demonstrated the lowest coverage rates of all regions in key HIV health sector interventions: 10% for ART; 5% for paediatric HIV treatment; and 4% for effective antiretroviral regiments to prevent mother-to-child transmission.
Women comprised an estimated 44 – 45% of people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa in 2010.
HIV data in the region have improved but remain limited. Current research indicates that unprotected sex (including between men) and the sharing of non-sterile drug-injecting equipment remain the primary drivers of HIV infection in the Middle East and North Africa.