Key facts on HIV epidemic and progress in regions and countries in 2010
Based on Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response
There were an estimated 54 000 people living with HIV in the region at the end of 2010, about 34% more than in 2001. Women comprised 44% of the adults living with HIV in Oceania in 2010.
The HIV epidemic in Oceania remains small and stable. The annual number of people newly infected with HIV increased slowly until the early 2000s and then declined to 3 300 in 2010, down from about 4 000 in 2001.
AIDS-related deaths fell to 1 600 in 2010, compared with the figure of about 2 400 per year in 2005 – 2007.
Almost all of the 22 Pacific island countries and territories are experiencing relatively small-scale HIV epidemics. The exception is Papua New Guinea, where about 34 000 people or 0.9% of the population is living with HIV.
Most people diagnosed with HIV infection in Oceania have acquired HIV through unprotected sex. But in Australia, men who have sex with men accounted for 85% of those newly diagnosed with HIV infection in 2009.