Guidelines for sexually transmitted infections surveillance

UNAIDS/WHO working group on global HIV/AIDS/STI surveillance

5 February 1999

Guidelines for sexually transmitted infections surveillance

Reference Number: WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC/99.3

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major global cause of acute illness, infertility, long-term disability and death, with severe medical and psychological consequences for millions of men, women and infants. The impact of these diseases is magnified by their potential to facilitate the spread of HIV infection. These guidelines for improving surveillance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are intended to assist in the world-wide effort to prevent them. STI surveillance data should actively be used to improve the quality and effectiveness of STI and HIV prevention programmes and programmes of sexual and reproductive health. STI surveillance is considered by WHO/UNAIDS to be a key component of second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance systems.

This report focuses primarily on those curable conditions and pathogens that are the main focus of STI control programmes: syphilis, chancroid, gonorrhoea, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, and the syndromes that they cause.