The HIV Epidemic in Central and Eastern Europe: Update (1999)

KL Dehne
University of Heidelberg, Germany

This report is an update, which largely describes recent patterns and trends of the HIV epidemic in the region. The emphasis is on the two most recent years for which data are available, 1997 and 1998.

There are four main strategic questions this report will address:

  • What are the differences between countries and sub-regions with regards to current infection levels, and risk and vulnerability to HIV?
  • To what degree has HIV started to spread from drug injectors, via sexual intercourse, into the general heterosexual population?
  • Which age groups are predominantly concerned?
  • What are the socio-economic determinants of (rapid) HIV spread?