Condoms for HIV prevention

HIV prevention, condom education activity among truck drivers in India. WHO/P.Virot

Condoms, when used correctly and consistently, are highly effective in preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). A large body of scientific evidence shows that male latex condoms have an 80% or greater protective effect against the sexual transmission of HIV and other STIs.

Condoms are a key component of comprehensive HIV prevention. WHO supports a combination of approaches to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV, including correct and consistent condom use, reduction in the number of sexual partners, HIV testing and counselling, delaying sexual debut, treatment for STIs and male circumcision. In 2009, 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV.

WHO works with its key partners in HIV prevention, in particular UNFPA and UNAIDS, to define global policy standards and support countries in condom procurement, quality assurance, promotion and distribution.

Latest updates

25 March 2009

WHO podcast on condoms as an important form of protection from HIV.

19 March 2009

An interview with Dr Kevin M. De Cock, Director of the HIV/AIDS Department on condoms and HIV prevention.

18 March 2009

UNFPA, WHO and UNAIDS release a revised position statement on condoms and HIV prevention.

Global Health Sector Strategies for 2016-2021

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CH-1211 Geneva 27

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