HIV drug resistance status report
Implementation of the WHO strategy in, as of February 2009
Countries that received technical assistance visits between August 2007 and December 2008 included Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, El Salvador, Ghana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Russia, Senegal, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, and Vietnam. This brings to a total of 34 countries to which technical assistance has been provided since project start, some of which are funded through our Gates grant and some of which are funded from other sources.
Centrally driven project activities to augment all aspects of the project include national workgroup coordination, consensus meetings, evaluation and updating of HIVDR guidelines, standards, and policies related to implementation, scale-up, and operations.
Terms of Reference for national HIVDR working groups, and HIVDR strategy were developed in the following 11 WHO focus countries - Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Ukraine, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This adds to the 11 countries from 2007.
Regional trainings took place in two subregions within Africa: the Western Africa subregion and the Southern and Eastern Africa subregion. Included in the trainings were countries that are being supported from other sources to develop the WHO-recommended strategy. Eastern European training supported by WHO European Region took place in Russia (September 2008) and in Zagreb, Croatia (November 2008), and included Ukraine and Russia, and other countries (Belarus, Croatia, Latvia, Georgia, Moldova, Slovenia, and Sudan); which are being supported by other means to implement the WHO-recommended HIVDR strategy.
Guidance for development of national HIVDR working groups, surveillance and monitoring survey implementation protocols, and other tools have been posted on the WHO website :
The WHO HIV Drug Resistance Strategy (ResNet) Steering Committee met for two days in November 2008 to review progress and provide recommendations to the HQ Team. Through the end of 2008, 26 countries in five WHO regions received technical assistance from WHO and its HIVResNet partners to develop and implement national HIVDR plans. All of these countries implemented one or more elements of their national HIVDR strategies.