AIDS treatment is becoming more and more available in developing countries. However, the rate of increase is not yet as great as the rate of new HIV infections. Increasing efforts in both prevention and treatment are key priorities.
The expansion of AIDS treatment requires the development of new skills, procedures and the strengthening of the health care delivery system. While these improvements are being put in place, it is essential that all opportunities to strengthen the role of the health sector in prevention are taken. By integrating strong prevention into the provision of HIV/AIDS treatment, the number of missed opportunities for prevention will be limited. WHO is working to integrate HIV prevention with care and AIDS treatment, providing guidance and technical support to national programmes.
The World Health Organization, with support from the US National Institutes of Health and the US Centers for Disease Control, has developed evidence-based guidance on essential prevention and care for people living with HIV. The document is especially intended for people living with HIV who are not yet suitable candidates for antiretroviral therapy (ART), though these interventions could certainly be beneficial after ART is initiated. This guidance document is the result of exhaustive reviews of the evidence on each topic and a consultative process in which experts in each topic reviewed that evidence and crafted recommendations.