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Community mobilization


When planning and implementing HIV counselling and testing services it is essential also to plan and implement community mobilization activities. Social mobilization for HIV counselling and testing means providing the community with adequate information and support about all aspects of these services.

This enables:

  • community members to make informed decisions about HIV counselling and testing;
  • HIV counselling and testing services to be normalized and people to know their status;
  • acceptance of HIV/AIDS as an important issue for the communities;
  • community involvement and participation in HIV counselling and testing services;
  • increased uptake of these services;
  • reduction of denial, stigma and discrimination.

Community Mobilization for HIV Testing and Counselling

It is very important to encourage community members to talk about HIV testing and counselling is a very important part of community action on HIV/AIDS.

Talking about this can raise very personal issues about people's private lives. For example, it may lead people to realize that their behaviour has placed them or other people at risk of HIV/AIDS.

Encouraging communities to talk about HIV testing and counselling must be handled with sensitivity and respect. People working with communities must understand the facts and issues around HIV testing and counselling before they encourage community members to talk about these issues and to become involved in HIV testing and counselling. Increasing the acceptance of HIV as a community issue also mobilizes community members to respond to HIV/AIDS. Community mobilization in itself is as an important HIV/AIDS intervention.


Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) - a Guide for Mobilisation of Communities

The guide is aimed at clients seeking VCT in Uganda. It addresses questions such as what is VCT, when and where one should go for VCT, what one should expect at the VCT centre, the cost and benefits of VCT etc.

Building Partnerships: Sustaining and Expanding Community Action on HIV/AIDS

A policy report synthesizing learning of how partnerships work.

Pathways to Partnerships Toolkit

This toolkit focuses on how NGOs and CBOs involved in HIV/AIDS can build effective partnerships with other organisations. The Portuguese version is an adaptation by Alliance field partners in Brazil, Grupo Pela Vidda/Rio de Janeiro, Grupo Pela Vidda/Niteri and Grupo de Incentivo Vida.