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HIV testing and counselling toolkit

HIV testing and counselling services are a gateway to HIV prevention, care and treatment.

Toolkit contents

The aim of this toolkit is to provide an annotated bibliography of peer-reviewed resources and tools to help planning, implementing and evaluating HIV testing and counselling services in resource-limited settings.

Who is it for?

The toolkit is a resource for people involved in setting up or scaling up HIV testing and counselling services. It has a target audience of programme managers and implementers and their partners in the public and private sectors, including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs) and faith-based organizations (FBOs).

What is in the toolkit?

The toolkit provides references offering practical guidance on the processes of planning and implementing testing and counselling services in resource-limited settings. In order to ensure the broadest possible access and use the toolkit will be available in several formats, including hard copy, CD-ROM and an Internet version. The toolkit will also be regularly updated to keep the list of tools as current as possible.

References are included wherever relevant, providing practical direction on how to address the highlighted issues. The references cover:

  • information - reports, articles, etc.;
  • tools - practical know-how, action-oriented guidance, skill-building;
  • examples - documentation of experience (good practice, lessons learnt, what has not worked, new and emerging experience, case studies, etc.);
  • web sites - useful web sites containing related resources;
  • miscellaneous resources - academic and other resources for additional information.

In order to learn from and contribute to rapidly evolving experience, the toolkit is structured as a 'living document'. Its content will be regularly updated with the latest experience and developments in good practice and lessons learnt. Feedback will be used to make improvements to the toolkit and ensure that it continues to respond to emerging and changing needs.

Who developed the toolkit?

The toolkit was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International HIV/AIDS Alliance with support from Deutsche Gesellschaft for Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. WHO declared HIV/AIDS a global public health emergency and is committed to working with its partners to support public health approaches for scaling up HIV responses.

The International HIV/AIDS Alliance is an NGO that supports community action on HIV/AIDS in developing countries. It aims to:

  • make a significant contribution to HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support for children affected by the epidemic, by working with communities in developing countries;
  • promote the sustainability and scaling-up of effective community AIDS efforts by building the capacity of CBOs, NGOs and NGO support programmes;
  • influence and improve the HIV/AIDS policies and programmes of international agencies, donors and international NGOs, with particular emphasis on the role of community action.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH is a government-owned corporation working in over 130 partner countries to support 2700 development projects and programmes, chiefly under commission from the German Federal Government. This corporation, which has declared HIV/AIDS to be a cross-sectoral corporate concern, offers consultative services on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care, and provides support on issues related to the social consequences of HIV/AIDS. The WHO/GTZ Initiative against AIDS was launched with the supported of the GTZ Backup Initiative, which includes technical and financial cooperation with WHO, UNAIDS, ILO and GFATM.


Resource Development Committee:
  • Ms Beatrice Were (ICW, Uganda)
  • Dr Francis Kasolo (UTH, Zambia)
  • Dr Suniti Solomon (YRG Care, India)
  • Mr Winstone Zulu (Kara Counselling, Zambia)
  • Dr Stephen Kinoti (SARA/AED, USA)
  • Dr Rafael Mazin (WHO - PAHO)
  • Dr Peter Weis (WHO - HIV/AIDS)
  • Ms Nasreen Jessani (University of North Carolina)
  • Mr Peter Graaff (WHO - EDM/PAR)
  • Dr R.C. Hitimana-Lukanika (AIDS Information Centre)
  • Dr David Miller (WHO - HIV/AIDS)
  • Dr Patrick Osewe (USAID/World Bank)
  • Dr Gloria Sangiwa (FHI)
  • Dr Charlene Brown (USAID)
  • Dr Beth A. Dillon (CDC)
  • Dr Siobhan Crowley (WHO)
  • Dr Buhle Ncube (WHO/AFRO)
  • Ms Manuela Moeller (WHO- HIV/AIDS)
  • Dr Isabelle deZoysa (WHO - HIV/AIDS)
  • Ms Carolyn Green (International HIV/AIDS Alliance)
  • Ms Emily Bell (WHO - HIV/AIDS)
  • Mr Vincent Wong (WHO - HIV/AIDS)

Writing team:

  • Dr Mandeep Dhaliwal (International HIV/AIDS Alliance)
  • Dr Rachel Baggaley (Christian Aid)
  • Dr Jenny Petrak (Barts and the London NHS Trust)
WHO responsible staff member:
  • Dr David Miller (HIV/AIDS)
Responsible for 2007 update;
  • Vincent Wong (Consultant)
  • F Amolo Okero (WHO)