Health workforce

Gender and health workforce

  • Nurses, community health workers, and home carers: gendered human resources compensating for skewed health systems
    This article examines the experiences of nurses, community health workers, and home carers in health systems from a gender analysis. A key finding is that these mainly female frontline health workers compensate for the shortcomings of health systems through individual adjustments, at times to the detriment of their own health and livelihoods.
  • Human resources for health: a gender analysis
    This review paper, prepared for the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health, explores from a gender perspective issues concerning human resources for health (HRH) including delegation, migration and violence. The paper discusses the strengths and limitations of the available evidence, and proposes policy options for greater gender equality in the health labour force and improved health system functioning more broadly.
  • Understanding women's contribution to the health workforce
    Book review of "Exploring the gender dimensions of the global health workforce", a compilation of case studies from various perspectives on the contribution of women to health-care delivery and participation in the health workforce.
  • Equity, equal opportunities, gender and organization performance
    This report, prepared for the WHO Workshop on Global Health Workforce Strategy, reviews employment equity debates, policies and evaluations. It highlights the need for comprehensive approaches to health workforce planning and policies, including evidence on need for "lifetime-based" employment and training structures to improve retention of women health staff and carers. The report identifies crucial knowledge gaps related to global health workforce, including a lack of evidence on the conditions and needs of women health workers.
  • Gender ― a missing dimension in human resource policy and planning for health reforms
    This article takes up the relatively neglected issue of gender in HRH policy and planning. Meeting the health needs of women as major users and potential beneficiaries of health services is a key international concern. In order to do this, attention must also be paid to the potential for gender inequity and inefficiency in the use of human resources in the health sector. Gender mainstreaming in HRH policy and planning entails developing appropriate methodologies for data collection, monitoring and evaluation. The paper suggests some basic ways of doing this and provides a framework for incorporating gender concerns in health reform processes.
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