Draft guidelines on monitoring the implementation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel
On May 21, 2010 the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel (the “Code”) was adopted by the 193 Member States of the Sixty-Third World Health Assembly. This groundbreaking instrument marks the first time that WHO Member States have used the constitutional authority of the Organization to develop a non-binding code in thirty years.
The basic concept behind the Code is to establish and promote voluntary principles and practices for the ethical international recruitment of health personnel and the strengthening of health systems. The Code was designed by Member States to serve as a continuous and dynamic framework for global dialogue and cooperation.
To address the challenges associated with the international migration of health personnel, WHO Member States are encouraged, in accordance with Articles 7.2 and 9.1 of the Code, to inform each other, through the WHO Secretariat, on issues related to health personnel and health systems, and measures taken to implement the Code in a single national report (the “Regular National Report”) every three years starting in 2012. In addition, Article 9.4 of the Code provides that the WHO Secretariat may consider reports from other stakeholders on activities related to the implementation of the Code. The reporting process is an integral component of the effective implementation of the voluntary principles and practices recommended by the Code.
To facilitate the reporting process under the Code, Member States in Resolution WHA63.16 requested the Director-General "to rapidly develop, in consultation with Member States, guidelines for minimum data sets, information exchange, and reporting on the implementation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel." In accordance with the request of the World Health Assembly, the Secretariat has developed these Guidelines on Monitoring the Implementation of the WHO Global Code (the “Guidelines”).
The Guidelines are designed to provide a user-friendly approach for governments and other stakeholders to participate effectively in the monitoring of the implementation of the Code. The Guidelines provide recommendations to WHO Member States regarding information and materials that may be useful to include in the Regular National Reports recommended by the Code. These Guidelines also identify the process of submitting information gathered by other stakeholders, including health personnel, recruiters, employers and all persons concerned with the international recruitment of health personnel. Over time, the implementation of these Guidelines will provide an ongoing source of information to evaluate progress in observing the Code and to highlight where further work is needed.
Part I of the Guidelines provides general information on the development of the Guidelines, the role of monitoring and the process that may be used by Member States and other stakeholders to report on activities relevant to the implementation of the Code. Part II of the Guidelines provides a model form for the Regular National Reports, including subparts on qualitative and quantitative information. Part III of the Guidelines provides a model form for reporting on implementation by other stakeholders.