Exploring health workforce inequalities - Case studies from three countries
Human Resources for Health Observer - Issue No. 4
Many low- and middle-income countries face acute shortages and maldistribution of skilled health workers, impeding the likelihood of meeting health systems objectives and attaining national and international health and development goals. Despite increasing interest in equity in health and the pathways by which inequities arise and are perpetuated or exacerbated, the global evidence base to inform policy decision-making on maldistribution in the supply, composition and deployment of the health workforce remains weak. This overview of methods and measures for monitoring health workforce inequalities was initiated in order to promote discourse.
Case-studies are presented from Ethiopia, Brazil and Mexico, each of which uses different analytical approaches and data sources, with the aim of arriving at a better understanding of specific dimensions of health workforce inequalities in their national contexts. The report concludes with a discussion of the practical implications of the results.