The WHO quarterly bulletin on IHR implementation
What's new in risk and disease control?
Yellow fever in Argentina and Paraguay
Yellow fever has returned to Argentina and Paraguay for the first time since 1967 and 1974, respectively. In January 2008, an outbreak of jungle yellow fever occurred in Paraguay. This was followed by a number of confirmed cases near the capital Asunción, the first urban cases in South America since 1942. In March, Argentina reported confirmed human cases of jungle yellow fever. Mass vaccination campaigns are under way in both countries. PAHO/AMRO and WHO have been supporting national response efforts and the vaccination campaign. In particular, through the ICG (International Coordinating Group) mechanism, 2,000,000 doses of yellow fever vaccine were shipped to Paraguay. WHO has also updated International travel and health advice for visitors to these countries (please see).
For further information please see also the
Polio eradication: Displacement of people from Chad - Neighbouring countries at risk of polio spread
Following recent conflict in Chad, the displacement of people poses a threat of importation of poliovirus into Cameroon. Chad reported 21 cases of polio in 2007 - 18 of which are of type 1 polio, the more dangerous and prone to spread. Vaccination campaigns with oral polio vaccine have taken place in neighbouring Cameroon to cover both displaced and local populations.
Polio eradication: Report by the Secretariat of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative to the Executive Board
The report and resolution on the mechanism for management of potential risks to eradication are available at:
Polio eradication: Recommendations by Advisory Committee
The Advisory Committee on Polio Eradication (ACPE) is an independent body that provides strategic guidance for global polio eradication. At the last meeting of the Committee on 27-28 November 2007, members reviewed global progress in the past year and made recommendations to end poliovirus transmission rapidly in the remaining four endemic areas; on limiting international spread of the virus and on research and product development to accelerate eradication and for post-eradication:
- Conclusions and recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Poliomyelitis Eradication, Geneva, 27-28 November 2007
WHO Global Salm-Surv: Enhancing country capacity to detect, respond and prevent foodborne diseases
WHO Global Salm-Surv is a capacity-building programme comprised of institutions and individuals committed to enhancing the capacity of countries to detect, respond, and prevent foodborne and other infectious, enteric diseases. There are currently over 1000 WHO Global Salm-Surv individual members from national and regional institutes in 151 countries. For further information please see: