Legislation and policy
The IHR (2005) provide obligations and rights for States Parties. States Parties have been required to comply with and implement the IHR starting with the Regulations entry into force in 2007. To do so, States Parties need to have an adequate legal framework to support and enable implementation of all of their obligations and rights. In some States Parties, implementation of the IHR may require that they adopt implementing or enabling legislation for some or all of these obligations and rights. New or modified legislation may also be needed by States to support the new technical capacities being developed in accordance with Annex 1. Even where new or revised legislation may not be specifically required under the State Party’s legal system for implementation of provisions in the IHR (2005), States may still choose to revise some legislation, regulations or other instruments in order to facilitate implementation in a more efficient, effective or beneficial manner. Implementing legislation could serve to institutionalize and strengthen the role of IHR (2005) and operations within the State Party. It can also facilitate coordination among the different entities involved in implementation. In addition, policies which identify national structures and responsibilities (and otherwise support implementation as well as the allocation of adequate financial resources) are also important.