Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Lessons learned and experiences from IPV introduction

The case studies presented on this page describe successful strategies and activities in IPV and concurrent vaccine introduction. They provide lessons learned from other countries for successful IPV implementation.

Introducing IPV - The experience in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yogyakarta, Indonesia switched from OPV to the routine use of IPV. Education and effective training of immunization providers and public health program managers as well as the engagement of many partners contributed to their success. Education and materials that addressed health care provider and parent questions about multiple injections were also important.

Concurrent introduction of two vaccines – A case study from Ghana

Ghana introduced Rotavirus (Rota) and Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccines concurrently in infants in 2012. They experienced a cost savings from concurrent introductions and addressed vaccine concerns through effective communication. Pilot introduction, cold chain assessments and up-to-date data collection tools were important to their success.

Concurrent introduction of two vaccines – A case study from Tanzania

Tanzania introduced Rotavirus (Rota) and Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccines concurrently in infants in 2013. Concurrent introduction allowed them to avoid delays and enjoy efficiencies related to joint planning and integrated health worker training. They recommend early cold chain assessments.

Qualitative research findings from Dadaab, Kenya

UNICEF conducted focus group interviews with people in Hagadera and IFO refugee camps, and from the host community of Dadaab. Researchers asked questions related to community perceptions about the use of IPV in conjunction with OPV. Participants gave rich insights which can inform the development of communication strategies to address parent and caregiver concerns.

Polio and routine immunization – a case study from India

In a post-polio India, the polio eradication infrastructure is now working to support the country’s routine immunization system. The polio network’s efforts to reach children in remote areas, identify large populations of unimmunized children and monitor and review routine immunization quality have strengthened the routine immunization system.

Opportunities for polio eradication to strengthen routine immunization and health systems

A collaborative study by Middlebury College, ISciences, LLC, and CARE, used both quantitative and qualitative methods to assess the impact of polio eradication efforts on other health services, including routine immunization, focusing on sites in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The study found that polio eradication has built a global system that is unmatched in terms of its consistent quality and global reach, and observed many inspiring best practices showing that building on polio eradication’s infrastructure to better provide other health services is very much possible.


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