IPV Introduction, OPV Withdrawal and Routine Immunization Strengthening
This site provides information on objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan. It contains the rationale for and resources related to the introduction of Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine (IPV), withdrawal of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) and routine immunization strengthening.
The Strategic Plan was developed in response to the May 2012 World Health Assembly which declared the completion of poliovirus eradication to be a programmatic emergency for global public health. Under this plan to achieve and sustain a polio-free world, the use of OPV must eventually be stopped worldwide, starting with OPV containing type 2 poliovirus (OPV type 2). At least one dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) must be introduced as a risk mitigation measure and to boost population immunity.
UNICEF awards IPV tender
UNICEF awarded a tender for IPV vaccines in February 2014, which makes sufficient quantities of affordable IPV available. A multi-faceted IPV financing strategy is ongoing and further reductions in the cost of IPV are being pursued for the medium-term (i.e. post 2018) through continued efforts to develop and license new products.
New polio vaccine
A new polio position paper has been issued in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, with WHO for the first time formally recommending an OPV and IPV schedule. The position paper can be found online at:
Introducing IPV – the experience in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Yogyakarta, Indonesia switched from OPV to the routine use of IPV. Education and effective training of immunization providers and public health program managers as well as the engagement of many partners contributed to their success. Education and materials that addressed health care provider and parent questions about multiple injections were also important.
Click the links below for more information on each of the following six areas:
If you have any questions or need more information about IPV introduction, OPV withdrawal and routine immunization strengthening, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Status updates on country planning for IPV introduction
WHO, UNICEF, and partners, are in regular dialogue with countries to support effective preparations for IPV. Click below for a summary per country of the status of planning and introductions updated monthly.