Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Global Immunization Vision and Strategy

In response to challenges in global immunization, WHO and UNICEF developed the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS). Launched in 2006, GIVS is the first ever ten-year Framework aimed at controlling morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases and helping countries to immunize more people, from infants to seniors, with a greater range of vaccines.

GIVS has four main aims:

  • to immunize more people against more diseases;
  • to introduce a range of newly available vaccines and technologies;
  • to integrate other critical health interventions with immunization; and
  • to manage vaccination programmes within the context of global interdependence.

Goals and strategies

GIVS contains a number of ambitious immunization goals. In addition, it provides over two dozen strategies from which countries can choose for implementation according to their specific needs.


By 2010, GIVS had successfully become the global rallying point and had been adopted by many countries as the overarching strategic framework for immunization. As such, it had been used for the creation of regional immunization strategies and by many countries to draw up comprehensive multi-year national plans for immunization.

A report on progress in implementing GIVS was presented at the 64th World Health Assembly in May 2011. It highlights improvements in: routine immunization coverage; reaching more children with newly available vaccines; eliminating maternal and neonatal tetanus; reducing measles cases and deaths; using new vaccines against diarrhoea and pneumonia thanks to innovative financing; and implementing advocacy events such as the regional immunization weeks to highlight the importance of vaccines and immunization in saving lives. The report also outlined further efforts needed to achieve the global immunization and child survival goals.

Cost and impact

Results of a study by WHO/UNICEF estimating the cost and financing of implementing GIVS in the 72 poorest countries were published in 2005. The study determined that with an additional US$ 1 billion per year, immunization could save 10 million more lives in the following decade.

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Last updated: 14 June 2011