Estimated Hib and pneumococcal deaths for children under 5 years of age, 2000
Estimated Hib deaths and cases
363,000 global child Hib deaths, 2000
8.1 million global Hib cases, 2000
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacterium which causes serious disease often life-threatening, illnesses in young children. Hib can cause meningitis and severe pneumonia, leading to an estimated 8.1 million cases of serious illness and 363,000 deaths each year in HIV negativ children under 5 years of age.
National estimates of Hib attributable deaths among children under five years of age ranged from 71,000 Hib deaths in India to fewer than 10 deaths in 133 countries. 20% of all Hib deaths under five years of age occurred in India. 6 countries (India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, DR Congo China and Afghanistan) accounted for more than half of all Hib deaths under age five in 2000.