Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Estimated Hib and pneumococcal deaths for children under 5 years of age, 2000


Estimated pneumococcal deaths and cases

735,000 global pneumococcal deaths, 2000

14.5 million global pneumococcal cases, 2000










Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a bacterium which causes serious disease often life-threatening, illnesses in young children. Pnemococcus can cause meningitis and severe pneumonia, leading to an estimated 14.5 million cases of serious illness and 735,000 deaths each year in HIV negativ children under 5 years of age







National estimates of pneumococcal attributable deaths among children under five years of age ranged from 141,000 in India to fewer than 10 deaths in 46 countries. 19% of all pneumococcal deaths under five years of age occured in India. 6 countries (India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, DR Congo, Afghanistan and China) accounted for more than half of all pneumococcal deaths under age five in 2000.






Documents on pneumococcal disease Burden
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Last update:

6 March 2014 11:58 CET