Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Types of Surveillance

(accelerated - national active, national passive or sentinel)

The type of surveillance for a particular disease depends on the attributes of that disease and the objectives of the immunization programme. For example, when the objective of the programme is control of measles and surveillance for measles is started, the number of cases is high, and it is important to know where the cases are. Therefore, a system that covers the entire country is needed, but the details of individual cases are not. In contrast, when the number of measles cases is reduced and the programme objectives change to elimination, investigation of individual cases and transmission chains will become necessary.