Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Essential background information on global immunization

This newsletter provides an overview of WHO's main achievements in immunization for 2008-09. It covers a broad scope of activities, from global immunization policy; to research and development of vaccines and technologies; quality, safety and standards; access to immunization services; and communication, advocacy and media. It also describes the framework and priorities for the Strategic Plan 2010-2015 of the Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals. The document will be of interest to all those who wish to learn more about the focus of WHO's vaccine and immunization work.


WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system - 2009 global summary

Updated annually, this publication serves as a comprehensive reference document of immunization data reported by WHO Member States from 1980 to 2008. It includes global and regional summaries of reported incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases and immunization coverage, individual country profiles and a time series of reported disease incidence and reported and estimated immunization coverage for all countries.

Information in database format and more information


This report is a call to action to governments and donors to sustain and increase funding for immunization in order to build upon the progress made so far in meeting the global goals. It focuses on the major developments in vaccines and immunization since 2000. Part 1 examines the impact of immunization on efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals, especially the goal to reduce deaths among children under five. It looks at the development and use of vaccines and at the safeguards that have been put in place to ensure their safety, efficacy, and quality. It sets out the progress and challenges in meeting the immunization-related global goals. It discusses both the cost of scaling up immunization coverage to meet these goals, and efforts to ensure that the achievements are sustainable in the long term. Finally, it looks beyond 2015 to likely changes in the immunization landscape. Part 2 describes over 20 vaccine-preventable diseases and reviews progress since 2000 in efforts to protect populations against these diseases through the use of vaccines.


This brochure illustrates the work carried out by the Quality, Safety and Standards Team of the WHO Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals. It includes sections on: generating the standards to which vaccines of assured quality and safety must comply; ensuring that all people of the world have access to the full range of quality vaccines; and effectively managing the vaccine safety concerns that can now cross the globe in minutes.


This colorful WHO/UNICEF brochure captures the essence of GIVS which aims to protect more people against more diseases. Illustrated with photos and the brand new visual identity for GIVS, it describes achievements in immunization and the benefits of this key and cost-effective health intervention. Needs, challenges, the cost of immunization programmes and resource requirements are given. The document provides the four strategic areas of GIVS and immunization goals established therein.


This colourful document provides an overview of the wide range of immunization activities undertaken by WHO, both at global and regional levels, during the past two years. It also highlights global trends in immunization, both in terms of increasing coverage with new and underused vaccines and the introduction of new financing mechanisms. Information on the funding of WHO's immunization work and web links to additional sources of information are also provided.


This short document provides a general overview of the work carried out by the Quality, Safety and Standards Team of the WHO Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals. It briefly outlines the changing regulatory environment required to keep pace with demand for the introduction of new vaccines. It includes sections on: setting norms and standards; assuring the quality of vaccines and immunization equipment; and monitoring, assessing and responding to vaccine safety issues of global concern. Information about the funding of this work is provided, as are links to sources of further information.


These short papers provide an overview of immunization financing issues. The texts cover: the cost of immunization programmes in the next 10 years; immunization financing through the GAVI Alliance; developing country vaccine manufacturers and sustainability of vaccine supply; the Pan American Health Organization Revolving Fund; the International Finance Facility for Immunization; and development, supply and financing of pandemic influenza vaccines.


Describes the scope of WHO's recent and future work in immunization. Topics covered are: milestones in saving and improving lives through immunization; global immunization data; the structure of WHO's Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals Department; achievements during 2005; success factors for the future; the cost of immunization; investing in immunization; budget and funding; partners; web links; press materials; and key publications.


Developed jointly by WHO and UNICEF, the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy provides the framework for global immunization during the next 10 years. It aims to guide countries on how to immunize more people against more diseases; introduce newly available life-saving vaccines and technologies; and provide other critical health interventions, such as nutrition and malaria control, at immunization contacts.


Immunization in Practice serves as a resource document for immunization staff at the health facility and district level. Modules contain information about target diseases, vaccines, the cold chain, injection safety and building community support for immunization.

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