Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Vaccine Presentation and Packaging Advisory Group (VPPAG)


VPPAG provides a forum for public sector and vaccine manufacturers – both from the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) and the Developing Country Vaccine Manufacturer’s Network (DCVMN) - to discuss and reach consensus on vaccine presentation and packaging issues to support the development of products suited to low and middle income country contexts.

Relationship with IPAC

VPPAG was established in 2007 by the GAVI Alliance to respond to an industry request on pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV); this led to a paper used for the WHO target product profile for the Advance Market Commitment. In 2008, WHO took over the role of convening VPPAG, and the work of the group was broadened. By 2009, VPPAG had developed a draft generic preferred product profile (gPPP) to address the range of potential new vaccines in the development pipeline. With the establishment of IPAC in 2010, VPPAG became a standing committee of IPAC. In its new role, VPPAG can be requested by IPAC to look into specific issues aligned to its expertise, and VPPAG can bring to IPAC issues which it would like to advance.


VPPAG was originally established by GAVI without a formal selection process but rather by bringing together interested parties and experts in their field. This membership provides broad representation of vaccine industry through IFPMA and DCVMN and the agencies involved in immunization. To maintain its strength, the membership of VPPAG should be made up by one representative for each of the following constituencies:

  • International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA)
  • Developing Country Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN)
  • WHO: Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)
  • WHO: Quality, Safety and Standards (QSS)
  • PATH
  • UNICEF: Supply Division
  • UNICEF: Programme Division
  • Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP)
  • US Centres for Disease Control (CDC)
  • GAVI Secretariat
  • The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation


Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (IPAC)

The Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (IPAC), established in 2010, supports and advises the Director of the Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB), with the review and/or formulation of immunization practices, operational standards, tools and technologies to strengthen and improve the delivery of immunization programmes at the country level in order to realize the Global Immunization Vision and Strategies (GIVS) goals.