Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals


This page provides existing information and documentation on immunization financing options and is targeted at immunization managers, health planners and policy makers in developing countries that wish to know more about available options to finance national immunization programme.

Vaccine co-financing

Vaccine co-financing

The GAVI Alliance introduced the principle of vaccine co-financing in 2007 where countries benefiting new vaccine introduction support share the cost of the vaccines supplied by the GAVI Alliance. The intention is to ensure immunization programmes are sustainable in the long-term. The GAVI co-financing policy has been revised in 2010. The GAVI-eligible countries have been grouped according to their GNI per capita (low income, intermediate and graduating groups) and the co-financing levels vary across the different groups.

Immunization financing options resource kit - "The briefcase"

Immunization financing options resource kit -

Principally intended for policy makers in Ministries of Health, Finance, and Planning and Investment, the Immunization Financing Options resource kit contains numerous briefing sheets that bring together up-to-date knowledge about the major advantages and drawbacks of available financing options for immunization.

Development loans for immunization - a Q&A

Principally intended for policy makers in Ministries of Health, Finance, and Planning and Investment, the Development Loans for Immunization bring together the major questions & answers and highlights the main advantages and drawbacks of using loans to financing immunization.

Health insurance and community financing for immunization

This is background paper on the role of health insurance and community health financing as an option for financing immunization in developing countries. It discusses the policy considerations for the financing of essential immunization programmes from health insurance or similar forms of pre-payment schemes such as community financing and private health savings accounts.

Practice and policies on user fees for immunization in developing countries

This background paper is meant to inform decision-makers who are determining national policy on formal user fees for essential immunization services. The paper consists of a review of international organization policy on user fees for immunization, a short annotated bibliography of relevant literature, and a compilation of examples of the implementation of user fees for immunization.

Immunization and health sector reform

The following documents have been prepared in response to concerns about the implications of health sector reforms on immunization. They are intended to provide guidance for national immunization programmes in countries that are undertaking health sector reforms, and for donors providing technical assistance and funding to those countries.

Last updated: 21 May 2012

Contact us

World Health Organization (WHO)
Immunization, Vaccines & Biologicals Department (IVB)
Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)
20 Avenue Appia
CH -1211, Geneva 27