Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Linking with other interventions

Every year nearly 7 million children in low income countries die before they reach their fifth birthday. Almost two-thirds of these deaths are the result of infectious diseases -- malaria, pneumonia, diarrhea, sepsis, measles, and AIDS --- that could be prevented through cost-effective, available interventions.

This section includes information about interventions that have successfully been integrated during campaigns (vitamin A supplementation, treated bednets for malaria prevention, anthelminthic drugs etc) which will enable countries to make decisions about packages of interventions to be provided during outreach activities.

Each year immunization programmes reach about 80% of the world's children, as well as their mothers, through an estimated 500 million contacts - more than any other public health programme. Routine immunization services provide an efficient, sustainable channel for the distribution of other life saving interventions to those who are most vulnerable - young children and women.

Integration is one of the six guiding principles of the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) which recognizes that that the achievement of immunization goals depends on strong immunization programmes that are closely coordinated and work in synergy with other primary health care delivery programmes. Strategic Objective #4 of GVAP (pages 50-57) further expands on the opportunity for immunization to serve as a delivery platform for other priority public health interventions.

Interventions that have successfully been integrated with immunization include vitamin A, insecticide treated bednets and preventive treatment for malaria; and anti-helminthic drugs. An increasing number of countries are implementing integrated health packages tailored to local needs.

Vitamin A


Malaria Control and Immunization

Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI)

Last reviewed: 18 March 2014