Immunization policy and strategies
Successful national immunization programmes depend on up-to-date policies and effective strategies in order to achieve and sustain their goals. When EPI was established over 40 years ago, its focus was on vaccinating infants with a limited number of traditional vaccines. Today the vaccine world has changed dramatically.
The development and availability of many new vaccines targeting a variety of age groups, the emergence of new technologies, the increased public focus on vaccine safety issues, the enhanced procedures for regulation and approval of vaccines, the need to expand the immunization schedule with consideration of all age groups and specific at-risk populations, are all demanding increased attention.
Countries need to have strong mechanisms that enable informed decision-making about immunization priorities and the introduction of new programme strategies, vaccines and technologies.
- National Advisory Committees (NITAGs)
- Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (IPAC)
- Country Decision Making: Introducing a new vaccine
- Global Routine Immunization Strategies and Practices (GRISP)
- Reaching Every District (RED)
- Reducing Missed Opportunities for Vaccination (MOV)
- School-based immunization
- Vaccination in humanitarian emergencies
- Engagement of the private sector in immunization service delivery
- Vaccination of health workers (see Summary Table 4)
- World Immunization Week
- Periodic Intensification of Routine Immunization (PIRI)
Criteria to determine if a given vaccination is routine or supplemental dose
- Planning and Implementing High-Quality Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs) for Injectable Vaccines
SIA Readiness Assessment Tool
SIA Readiness Dashboard - English
SIA Readiness Dashboard - French
Assessment Tool - English
Assessment Tool - French
Last updated: 19 September 2017