Vaccine Management and Logistics
Vaccine forecast and needs estimation
There are three methods commonly used for estimating vaccine needs:
- Estimates based upon target population (more appropriate at national and intermediate levels);
- Estimates based upon previous consumption (more appropriate at national level);
- Estimates based upon the size of immunization sessions (more appropriate at service delivery level).
The accuracy of vaccine forecasting and needs estimation will depend upon:
- The level of implementation (national, district or local service delivery);
- The time period of estimation used (month, year, multi-year).
Whichever method is applied, the accuracy of the estimation will depend upon the quality of data used, as well as the Programme Manager’s knowledge on specific conditions of the programme.
Estimating vaccines annual needs
Key responsibilities of vaccine management include accurate estimations of vaccine needs and ordering adequate stock following the elivery schedule in conformity with the cold chain capacity. More
Estimating vaccine needs for multi-year planning
Multi-year planning typically covers a three to five year period. The method recommended for estimating vaccine needs for multi-year planning is based upon the target population and is linked to the immunization strategies that have been defined. More