A new approach to planning for immunization - WHO-UNICEF guidelines for developing a comprehensive multi-year plan (cMYP)
In response to global immunization challenges, including the need to protect more people and introduce new vaccines, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), in consultation with other partners, have developed the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS) for the period 2006-2015. GIVS is a framework that offers policy-makers and stakeholders a unified vision of immunization and a set of strategies from which countries can select those most suited to their specific needs. In conjunction with GIVS, countries are encouraged to develop comprehensive multi-year plans for immunization (cMYP) as a means of implementing GIVS at national level.
In late 2005, WHO and UNICEF, together with GAVI Alliance partners, developed guidelines for developing a comprehensive Multi-Year Plan (cMYP) for immunization to support countries in improving their planning for immunization. This new approach was guided by the need to simplify and harmonize what had become a proliferation of various immunization planning activities at national level which lead to duplication of efforts, high transaction costs to national and partners with variable degrees of national ownership, and a lack of alignment with national systems. Through the GIVS initiative and framework, the cMYP process marks current efforts to streamline immunization planning process at national level into a single comprehensive and costed plan. It is within this context that these new guidelines build on existing multi-year planning experience, while adding the critical elements of costing and financing by drawing heavily upon the methods developed for the immunization Financial Sustainability Plans (FSP). Likewise, the costing and financing exercise builds on the FSP costing tools and methodologies.
cMYP Costing and Financing Tool and User Guide
Strategic planning for immunization requires reliable information on the costs and financing of the programme and to help answer fundamental questions of : how much resources are needed to reach programme objectives, who will funding the needs and what are the shortfalls, and how to prioritize activities based on available funds. For this reason, estimating the costs and financing of a national immunization programme, is a key step in the development of a comprehensive Multi-Year Plan (cMYP) for immunization.
To help undertake the costing and financing of a cMYP a tool has been developed - the cMYP Costing and Financing Tool - that can be used to estimate the past costs and financing of immunization, and to make projections of future costs, future resources requirements, future financing needs to achieve programme objectives, and analyse the corresponding financing gaps. This tool is accompanied by a User Guide which provides an overview of important immunization costing and financing concepts, methodologies and definitions, as well as step-by-step instruction on how to use the costing and financing tool, including how to analyse the data and findings.
The first version of the cMYP Costing and Financing Tool was launched in December of 2005 (version 1.3). Since then several updated versions have been developed. The background, rational and specific changes made between version 1.3 (December 2005) of the cMYP Costing and Financing Tool and subsequent Versions 2.2 -2.6 (last update June 2012) are described in the document below.
Version 2.6 (June 2012)
Tool warning: password protection
In order to protect the cMYP costing and financing tool from any damages, certain protective measure have been taken and the worksheets have been password protected. If you find that once you open the tool you are unable to enter information into it, it is likely that your computer has an anti-virus protection activated and this conflicts with the password protection. If this is the case, you will need to unprotect the tool, save it under a new file name, and re-protect the tool. If you do need to unprotect the tool and its worksheets, the password is: MYPCT.
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