Indoor air pollution and the Millennium Development Goals
- WHO's Millennium Development Goals web site
- United Nations Millennium Declaration
- United Nations Millennium Development Goals web site
- United Nations Millennium Development Goal Indicators database
The importance of interventions to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution is reflected in the Millennium Development Goals in many ways:
- As most of the disease burden due to indoor air pollution falls on children under five years of age, interventions will help achieve a significant reduction in child mortality (Goal 4).
- The collection of fuel imposes a serious time burden on women and children and alleviating this drudgery will contribute to promoting gender equality and empowering women (Goal 3).
- With less time spent on fuel collection, people will have more time available for education and income generation activities that are likely to contribute to eradicating extreme poverty (Goal 1).
- The proportion of the population relying on solid fuels constitutes one of the indicators to monitor progress towards ensuring environmental sustainability (Goal 7).
More information on this indicator
Indoor air thematic briefing 1 gives an overview of the links between indoor air pollution, household energy and the Millennium Development Goals.
WHO Household energy database
Clean household energy for all
Multiple links between household energy and the Millennium Development Goals
- Assessing Household Solid Fuel Use: Multiple Implications for the Millennium Development Goals Article in Environmental Health Perspectives, 2006
Modelling household solid fuel use towards reporting of the Millennium Development Goals article in Energy for Sustainable Development, 2006