Skip to main content
Indoor air pollution
Indoor air pollution
Millennium Development Goals
Burning Opportunity: clean household energy for health, sustainable development and the wellbeing of women and children
17 March 2016
Indoor air quality guidelines: household fuel combustion
24 November 2014
Selected pollutants: WHO guideline for indoor air quality
14 December 2010
WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mould
10 November 2010
Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries - A Review Focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa, 2009
Describes the energy access picture in developing countries for electricity and modern fuels, with a view towards reducing household air pollution and meeting the Millennium Development Goals.
Evaluating household energy and health interventions: a catalogue of methods, 2008
Discusses evaluation options for adoption, market development, and performance of interventions for reducing health, environmental and other impacts of household air pollution.
Smoke and malaria: are interventions to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution likely to increase exposure to mosquitoes and malaria? 2008
While futher study is needed, and focusing on Africa, domestic fuel use probably doesn't have much impact on mosquito feeding.
Indoor air pollution from solid fuels and risk of low birth weight and stillbirth, 2007
Solid fuel smoke exposure increases risk of low birth weight and stillbirth.
Indoor air pollution and lower respiratory tract infections in children, 2007
A meeting report of a study about the association of pneumonia and exposure to open wood fires in Guatemalan children.
Guidelines for conducting cost–benefit analysis of household energy and health interventions, 2006
Economic evaluation enables explicit and quantitative comparisons of the efficiency of different interventions using a simple-to-interpret summary efficiency measure – cost per impact achieved – as the common outcome measure.
Evaluation of the costs and benefits of household energy and health interventions at global and regional levels, 2006
Summarizes key findings of the cost–benefit analysis of household energy and health interventions, and concludes that the gains in health and productivity far outweigh the overall cost of the interventions.
Indoor air pollution: national burden of disease estimates, 2007
The burden of disease quantifies mortality and morbidity due to a given disease or risk factor, in this case indoor air pollution.
Indoor air pollution and child health in Pakistan, 2006
Building on an analysis of household energy use and indoor air pollution in Pakistan, a seminar looked at global household fuel issues and locally acceptable and sustainable solutions.
Fuel for life: household energy and health, 2006
An overview of the health impacts of indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and solutions to promote health and development in the context of the household energy challenge.
Situation analysis of household energy use and indoor air pollution in Pakistan, 2005
Indoor air pollution is a significant contribuitor to to childhood pneumonia in Pakistan, where biomass fuels meet 86% of domestic energy requirements, and interventions should be instituted.
Indoor air pollution and household energy monitoring: Workshop resources, 2005
Covered evaulation basics, indoor air pollution monitoring, stove performance and monitoring health and socioeconomic impacts.
Inheriting the world: The atlas of children's health and the environment, 2004
This atlas tackles issues as diverse as the devastating and largely unknown impact of indoor air pollution, the unfashionable yet huge tragedy of sanitation, and complex emerging issues like climate change.
Indoor smoke from solid fuels: Assessing the environmental burden of disease, 2004
This guide outlines a method for estimating the disease burden at a national or local level caused by household exposures to indoor smoke from solid fuels, which is most significant in populations with inadequate access to clean fuels, particularly poor households in rural areas of developing countries.
Clean Household Energy for Health, Sustainable Development, and Wellbeing of Women and Children
Link to report
WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: household fuel combustion
About the guidelines
Health in the Green Economy:
Link to PDF
About Health in the Green Economy
Indoor Air Quality Guidelines: selected pollutants
Clean household energy for all
Burden of disease
press releases, presentations
Other web sites on indoor air pollution
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
WHO's Programme on Indoor Air Pollution
You are here:
Indoor air pollution
Programmes and projects
Help and Services
WHO Regional Offices
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region
Back to top
Sign up for WHO updates