Fact Sheet N° 216
Global Initiative for the Elimination of
INFRASTRUCTURE AND APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
Apart from human resource development, VISION 2020 envisages building sustainable national capacities that could work towards universal coverage and easy access to eye care services for the preservation of vision and the restoration of sight.
VISION 2020 will also introduce aspects of financial (fee for service) management to ensure self-reliance and sustainability of a range of eye care services.
Recent decades saw a number of technological advances that have improved the quality and acceptance of eye care by the community. However, the cost of such advances often precludes their wide use in prevention of blindness programmes.
The transfer of technology to developing countries helps overcome this problem. It allows manufacturing high-quality equipment and consumables at low cost. The intraocular lenses (IOL) for cataract surgery is a good example. Their manufacturing by non-profit institutions in developing countries has made intraocular lenses affordable and has led to their widespread use.
Other examples of the transfer of technology to developing countries include eye medications, sutures, spectacles and low vision devices. VISION 2020 will promote and support such initiatives in the future in respect of other developments.
VISION 2020 also envisages regional consortiums for the purchasing in bulk of equipment and spare parts, instruments and consumables. This will significantly reduce costs, including maintenance and repair expenses.
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