Malaria kills over a million people a year -- mainly young children.
Most deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease accounts
for one in five of all childhood deaths. Women are especially vulnerable
to malaria during pregnancy, when the disease can lead to life-threatening
anaemia, miscarriages, and the birth of premature, low birthweight babies.
More rapid and effective treatment of malaria with antimalarial drugs
could prevent malaria deaths. Meanwhile, many child deaths from malaria
can be prevented through the widespread use of low-cost insecticide-treated
bednets. But only an estimated 1% of African children today sleep under
a bednet at night.
One fifth of the world's population is at risk of malaria -- mostly
in developing countries. Malaria acts as a major brake on development
in the poorest countries -- accounting for millions of days of lost
productivity and missed schooling.
Malaria control strategy
The Roll Back Malaria (RBM) partnership is committed to halving the
global burden of malaria by 2010.
The strategy for improved malaria control includes: