Press Release WHO/1
6 January 1998
INVESTIGATION OF ORIGINS OF H5N1
INFLUENZA VIRUS STEPPED UP IN HONG KONG
There have now been 16 cases of H5N1 influenza in humans, while a further four are suspected. Of the 16 confirmed cases, six have already been discharged from hospital. Moreover, the rate of reporting of new cases has slowed down in the past week.
Epidemiological studies centred around the confirmed cases in humans continue. In the light of recent developments, the World Health Organization (WHO), together with several of its Collaborating Centres for Influenza, has been focussing for the past two weeks on identifying the reservoir of H5N1 in poultry and animals.
To date, over 1 850 samples have been taken from 12 species of birds and animal by a joint WHO/Hong Kong University team. The samples are currently being investigated for the presence of H5N1 virus and first results will be available within a few days. WHO headquarters and its Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WPRO), in close collaboration with, and at the request of, the Government of the People's Republic of China, will send a team of WHO officials and international experts to China within two weeks to discuss surveillance and control aspects of the H5N1 outbreak in Hong Kong.
ADisease does not respect borders and intensified surveillance is an important step towards elucidating pathways of transmission of the H5N1 virus and the links between human disease and the animal reservoir,@ said Dr David Heymann, Director of WHO=s Division of Emerging and other Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Control (EMC).
To date, there is still no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission. In the absence of any sign of such transmission no new measures, such as travel restrictions or quarantine, are warranted.
Furthermore, no measures are currently warranted vis-à-vis cats and dogs in Hong Kong which may have come into contact with chickens, as cats and dogs are not known at present to carry or transmit the H5N1 virus.
Low Levels of Exposure to H5N1 Influenza Virus Unlikely to Result in Infection (29 December, 1997)
For further information, please contact Gregory Hartl, Health Communications and public Relations , WHO, Geneva. Telephone (+41 22) 791 4458. Fax (+41 22) 791 4859. Email email@example.com
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