International Programme on Chemical Safety

Corrigendum

IPCS Environmental Health Criteria 101: Methylmercury

Pages 54-55, Table 9:

Replace the table with the following:

 

Table 9. Concentrations of mercury in indicator media in non-exposed populationsa


Country Indicator media No. of Subjects Mercury concentrationb Reference
Mean Range
Belgium placenta 474 15 1.1 - 103 Roels et al. (1978)c
whole blood 497 13d 0.1 - 47 d Lauwerys et al. (1978)
Italy whole blood 80 20 0 - 46 Pallotti et al. (1979)
Japan maternal blood 11 6.6 2.0 - 16.4 Suzuki et al. (1984b)
umbilical blood 7 8.9 3.1 - 20.6 Suzuki et al. (1984b)
New Guinea hair 40 4.5 0.9 - 12.1 Suzuki et al. (1988)
Norway urine 103 4 d 0.6 - 24 d Lie et al. (1982)
Poland whole blood 270 11.3 d 2.5 - 24 d Szucki & Kurys (1982)
hair 505 2.2 0.02 - 10
maternal hair Sikorski et al. (1986)
(scalp) 141 1.9 0.02 - 41
(pubic) 141 1.0 ND - 32
neonatal hair 141 0.11 ND - 0.62
Swedene hair 18 0.4 Ohlander et al. (1985)
hair 41 0.53 Forhammer et al. (1984)
United Kingdom whole blood 88 8.8 d, f 1.1 - 42 d Sherlock et al. (1982)
urine 77 2.4g ND - 8g Taylor & Marks (1973)
USA whole blood 210 8.1h 0 - 50 h Gowdy et al. (1977)
whole blood 25 3.4 0 - 7i Kuhnert et al. (1981)
placenta 25 6.7j 0 - 13i
Yugoslavia hair 34 1.5 0.4 - 3.3 Horvat et al. (1988b)
maternal blood 34 3.7d 1.2 - 9.6 d
umbilical blood 34 7.7 d 1.2 - 21 d
placenta 34 13 2.8 - 37
Northern hemispherek hair 312 3.1 0 - 9 Airey (1983)
Northern hemisphere hair 4603 2.3 0 - 5 Airey (1983)
Southern hemisphere hair 1449 1.7 0.8 - 2.5 Airey (1983)

a No known occupational exposure; fish consumption usually less than one meal per week.
b The units for mercury concentrations are: µg/kg for placenta, mg/kg for hair, and µg/kg for blood and urine, unless otherwise stated. ND = not detectable.
c This reference contains data on levels published prior to 1976.
d µg/litre
e Pregnant women.
f Values are for adults
g µg/g creatinine
h Values after exclusion of 9 samples >50 µg/kg as outliers; without the exclusion the mean was 14.2 and range 0-298 µg/kg
i Range estimated as twice the standard deviation.
j The placentae were perfused to remove blood before analysis.
k North of 22° latitude.

Please note that these corrigenda have been incorporated in the electronic versions of the document.

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