International Programme on Chemical Safety

World Health Assembly Resolution 45.32

International Programme on Chemical Safety 1

May 1992

The Forty-fifth World Health Assembly,

Recalling resolutions WHA30.47, WHA31.28 and EB63.R19 on the evaluation of the effects of chemicals on health, and resolution EB73.R10 on the International Programme on Chemical Safety;

Noting that under the leadership of WHO the Programme has become an interagency cooperative activity with ILO and UNEP, well coordinated and collaborating closely with programmes on related subjects of other organizations, such as FAO and OECD;

Noting also that relevant recommendations had been adopted during a meeting of government-

designated experts on chemical risk assessment and management2, held in the context of the preparations for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, foreseeing an expanded role for the International Programme in ensuring effective coordination of chemical risk assessment and risk management activities of international organizations,

1.URGES Member States:

(1)to establish or strengthen governmental mechanisms to provide liaison and coordination between all parties involved in chemical safety activities (e.g., authorities and institutions for agriculture, education, health, industry, labour, environment, transport, civil defence, economic affairs, research and poison control, etc.);

(2)to establish or strengthen national and local capabilities for response to accidents including networks of emergency response and poison control centres;

(3)to increase awareness, among the general public and certain professional and other groups, of chemical risks and the need to prevent misuse of chemicals and accidental exposure to them;

(4)to organize, in collaboration with industry, trade unions, professional bodies and consumer associations, training programmes for staff at all levels in chemical safety, including emergency response;

(5)to increase financial, scientific and logistic support to the International Programme (a) through the Voluntary Fund for Health Promotion; (b) through national institutions participating in the Programme; and (c) through funds held in countries for the Programme; and to encourage industry and national institutions to provide the Programme with timely data and other support needed for risk assessment;

2.REQUESTS the Director-General:

(1)to recognize the importance of the International Programme in the development and implementation of a new WHO strategy for environmental health, taking into consideration the findings of the WHO Commission on Health and Environment and the recommendations of the meeting of government-designated experts referred to above;

(2)to strengthen and expand the scientific work of the Programme to meet the current and foreseen challenges of chemical safety, incorporating all aspects of WHO's work on risk assessment, including epidemiological and exposure assessment activities;

(3)to continue to promote the development of comprehensive chemical safety programmes directed towards the needs of countries in all the WHO regions, and the effective implementation of such programmes through concerted action at global, regional and national levels;

(4)to review the current arrangements with the Executive Heads of ILO and UNEP, as well as with representatives of other organizations that might participate in the International Programme in the future, in order to determine the changes that would be required for its expanded role, including the function of secretariat for an intergovernmental forum on chemical safety, as recommended in proposals to be presented to governments at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development;

(5)to ensure that the funding of the Programme by Member States and cooperating organizations is sustainable in the long term;

(6)to take steps to ensure that in expanding the chemical risk management tasks of the Programme, the scientific quality and integrity of the work on risk assessment are fully protected;

(7)to report to a future session of the Executive Board on the expanded International Programme, particularly in relation to the enhanced role of WHO with its partners in implementation of the decisions of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development for environmentally sound chemical risk management.

Hbk Res., Vol. III (2nd ed.), 1. 14.4(Thirteenth plenary meeting, 14 May 1992 - Committee A, fifth report)

1see Annex 7