Exploring New Models of Community Initiatives for Older Adults – an Expert Consultation

WHO Kobe Centre

In many societies, health and social care primary support is provided by the immediate family circles. Demographic growth, urbanization, and the changing composition of family units have challenged this assumption in the last decades. In response to drastic demographic and social changes, as well as the growing need for care support among ageing populations, the WHO Kobe Centre (WKC) launched a call for case study on models of community-based care in low- and middle- income countries in 2014.

WKC convened and expert consultation in Kobe on 14-15 July, gathering eight experts from Australia, Canada, India, Italy, Poland, South Africa, Uganda, Viet Nam, as well as WKC researchers, to review the experiences of initiatives selected from the case studies.

The conclusions of the Consultation allow for the development of the second phase of the research, with a stronger focus on the diverse range of initiatives in middle- and high- income countries. The ultimate purpose is to derive key principles for the implementation of community-based models of care for older adults, articulated around people-centred and integrated health and social care approaches.

New WHO and World Bank Group report monitoring universal health coverage

A World Health Organization and World Bank Group report launched on 12 June shows that 400 million people do not have access to essential health services and 6% of people in low- and middle-income countries are tipped into or pushed further into extreme poverty because of health spending.

The report, Tracking Universal Health Coverage, is the first of its kind to measure health service coverage and financial protection to assess countries’ progress towards universal health coverage (UHC). Implementing UHC is a Target within the proposed post-2015 Development Goals.

A commitment to equity is at the heart of UHC. As more countries make commitments to universal health coverage, one of the major challenges they face is how to track progress.

Public Forum at WCDRR:
Protecting People’s HEALTH from Disaster Risks

UN WCDRR

The Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) was held from 14 to 18 March 2015 in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Countries from around the world met to review and update the Hyogo Framework for Action, endorsed in 2005 at the Second World Conference held in Kobe. Health issues and strategies to protect the health of people in disasters are much more important in the revised framework. During the Conference, events were organized for the general public, including symposiums and exhibitions on themes related to health and disaster risk reduction and management.

On March 17, WHO, UNAIDS, UNFPA, and UNISDR co-organized a public forum “PROTECTING PEOPLE’S HEALTH FROM DISASTER RISKS”. Over 30 speakers from all over the world and from the fields of disaster prevention, public health, medicine, and more discussed comprehensive disaster risk reduction and management for health. The full day Forum had 7 sessions covering many topics in health emergency management.

WKC Forum: Creating resilient society and community for ageing populations in disaster situations, 20 February 2015

In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, the WHO Kobe Centre, in collaboration with the University of Hyogo, organized an open public forum on “Creating resilient society and community for ageing populations in disaster situations” in Kobe on 20 February 2015. A diverse audience of 43 persons participated in the event from local government, universities, health professionals and the public.

In the Forum, five experts presented their knowledge, research outcomes, and suggestions from various perspectives including nursing and disaster management, social welfare for older populations, psychology, and community healthcare to explore major components of resilient society/community with ageing population. The presentations were based on the experts’ experiences and interaction with older populations.

Japan has the largest proportion of older adults in the world. As a result, aged populations were much more affected, and accounted for more than half of the victims in the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and in the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.

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World Health Organization Centre for Health Development
1-5-1 Wakinohama-Kaigandori
Chuo-ku, Kobe 651-0073
Japan
Telephone: (+81) 78-230-3100
Fax: (+81) 78-230-3178
E-mail: wkc@who.int