Analysis of district level data
In order to disaggregate national and regional data and be able to analyse it on a district wise basis, WHO has developed a series of management, information and analytical tools. These are all based on computerised systems: standard databases, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) databases, and standard epidemiological information analysis:
Standard databases store information on the names of existing regions and districts, the number of existing health facilities within the district, the current prevalence of leprosy and other essential indicators, and population estimates. While a spreadsheet such as Excel or Lotus 123 can be used as a simple database with a limited amount of data, a relational database such as FoxPro is much more flexible and can handle virtually unlimited amounts of data.
WHO has already compiled extensive databases listing regions, districts and sub-districts, and villages for many countries which will be made available to each national programme manager, WHO Representative and Ministry of Health. However, it is still far from complete and, for leprosy elimination purposes, will only become meaningful once data on existing prevalence and other essential indicators are added. To update and maintain these databases will require the full participation of national programme managers and WHO at the country level. Details of the database structure, and the source for its baseline data, is provided in the annex.