New case detection
The female proportion among the newly detected cases in the African Region ranges from 21% in Chad to 60% in the Central African Republic. In the American Region, it ranges from 34% in Venezuela to 50% in Dominican Republic, South-East Asia Region from 21% in Timor Leste to 42% in Bangladesh, Eastern Mediterranean Region from 28% in Sudan to 39% in Pakistan and in the Western Pacific Region from 28% in Cambodia to 36% in Federated States of Micronesia.
A wide variation is seen regarding the child proportion among newly detected cases especially in African, American and Western Pacific Regions. The child proportion in the African Region ranges from 3% in Kenya to 39% in Comoros and in the American Region from 1% in Argentina to 16% in Dominican Republic. In the Western Pacific Region it ranges from 2.1% in China to 32% in the Federated States of Micronesia. However, less variation was observed in the South-East Asia and Eastern Mediterranean Regions with Thailand reporting 5%, Sri Lanka 11%, Pakistan 4% and Yemen 11%.
Similarly, the grade 2 disabilities among the newly detected cases show a wide variation in all the Regions. In the African Region, it ranges from 3% in Comoros to 21% in Benin and in the American Region from 2% in Argentina to 11% in Mexico. In the South East Asian Region, it varies from 2% in India to Timor Leste 21%. In the Western Pacific Region, Federated States of Micronesia is reporting 1% grade 2 disabilities among new cases and China 21%.