Macroeconomics and Health (CMH)

Tables

3Source: World Bank list of economies (July 2003).
4World Bank income group: Economies are divided according to 2002 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are: low income, $735 or less; lower middle income, $736 - $2,935; upper middle income, $2,936 - $9,075; and high income, $9,076 or more.

5World Bank indebtedness: Severely indebted means either of the two key ratios is above critical levels: present value of debt service to GNI (80 %) and present value of debt service to exports (220 %). Moderately indebted means either of the two key ratios exceeds 60 % of, but does not reach, the critical levels. For economies that do not report detailed debt statistics to the World Bank Debtor Reporting System (DRS), present-value calculation is not possible. Instead, the following methodology is used to classify the non-DRS economies. Severely indebted means three of four key ratios (averaged over 1999-2001) are above critical levels: debt to GNI (50 %); debt to exports (275 %); debt service to exports (30 %); and interest to exports (20 %). Moderately indebted means 3 of the 4 key ratios exceed 60 % of, but do not reach, the critical levels. All other classified low- and middle-income economies are listed as less indebted.

6Caribbean Community sub-region States comprise 15 members including the former Commonwealth Caribbean, Suriname and Haiti.

7Only the latest date shown for missions, meetings and funds dispensed, e.g. a Phase 2 date will overwrite the Phase 1 date.

8A few countries have developed a National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health as the mechanism for driving this process (e.g. Mexico, Ghana, Sri Lanka, India). Several others are using or considering the use of existing multi-partner/trans-sectoral commissions to manage the MHS process (e.g. Indonesia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Argentina). In this case, they are rewriting existing ToRs to look at health economics and financing issues within a cross-sectoral framework. In most cases they are also expanding the membership of such committees to include civil society, private sector and other ministries (e.g. Defence & Agriculture in Djibouti).

9Ethiopia is hiring a CMH country coordinator to work with the Ministry of Health.

10Funding provided for support from KIT: Royal Tropical Institute Amsterdam.

11Caribbean Community sub-region States comprise 15 members including the former Commonwealth Caribbean, Suriname and Haiti.

12Funded by non-WHO resources, primarily internal government resources.

13Funding provided for support from KIT: Royal Tropical Institute Amsterdam.

14This table only shows those countries that have expressed a strong interest in committing to Phase 1 activities, or those countries already actively pursuing Phase 1 or Phase 2 strategies.

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