Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition by WHO of a country’s malaria-free status. WHO grants this certification when a country has proven, beyond reasonable doubt, that the chain of local transmission of all human malaria parasites has been interrupted nationwide for at least the past 3 consecutive years.
The burden of proof falls on the country requesting certification. A national surveillance system capable of rapidly detecting and responding to local malaria transmission (if it were occurring) must be operational, together with an appropriate programme to prevent its re-establishment. The final decision on granting a certification of malaria elimination rests with the WHO Director-General.
WHO will establish a Certification of Elimination Panel tasked with verifying national elimination reports submitted by countries. The full process is described in detail in the 2017 Framework for malaria elimination.
The certification process is voluntary and can be initiated only after a country has submitted an official request to WHO.
- A framework for malaria elimination
- From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario planning