The Global Technical Strategy for Malaria
The WHO Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016–2030 – adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2015 – provides a technical framework for all malaria-endemic countries. It is intended to guide and support regional and country programmes as they work towards malaria control and elimination.
The Strategy sets ambitious but achievable global targets, including:
- Reducing malaria case incidence by at least 90% by 2030.
- Reducing malaria mortality rates by at least 90% by 2030.
- Eliminating malaria in at least 35 countries by 2030.
- Preventing a resurgence of malaria in all countries that are malaria-free.
This Strategy was the result of an extensive consultative process that spanned 2 years and involved the participation of more than 400 technical experts from 70 Member States.
Millennium Development Goal 6
The malaria-specific target of the 2000 Millennium Development Goals (MDG 6 target C) called for halting and beginning to reverse the global incidence of malaria by 2015. This target has been achieved, with a 37% decline in new cases reported over this 15-year time frame. During the same period, malaria mortality rates decreased by 60% worldwide. An estimated 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted globally since 2000.
Malaria efforts have also contributed to progress towards MDG 4, improving child survival rates in Africa and around the world. Between 2000 and 2015, the malaria mortality rate among children under 5 fell by 65% worldwide and by 71% in Africa.
Targets set by the World Health Assembly
In 2005, the World Health Assembly called for a 75% reduction in the global burden of malaria by 2015. According to the World malaria report 2015, 57 countries with malaria transmission in 2000 reduced their malaria cases by 75% by 2015, in line with this target. An additional 18 countries reduced their malaria cases by 50%-75%.
World malaria report
WHO’s assessment of progress towards global targets can be found in the annual World malaria report. The report tracks global developments in the fight against malaria, summarizes and analyses data from national malaria control programmes and global malaria partners, and provides an up-to-date assessment of malaria-related policies adopted and applied in endemic countries. It also looks at the impact of prevention and control interventions on the disease burden, and reviews financial resource commitments and financial gaps.