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A mother holding her child in front of a bed equipped with a long-lasting insecticidal net in northern Kenya.
Sarah Hoibak/UNHCR

Malaria is present in almost one hundred countries and threatens half of the world’s population. According to WHO’s latest estimates, about 207 million cases of malaria occurred in 2012 (range: 135 – 287 million) and the disease caused an estimated 627 000 deaths (range: 473 000 – 789 000), mostly in children under five years of age. WHO recommends a multi-pronged strategy to prevent, control and eliminate malaria, which includes vector control interventions, preventive therapies, diagnostic testing and treatment with quality-assured artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), as well as strong malaria surveillance.