Malaria

Cost-effectiveness of malaria diagnosis in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of rapid diagnostic tests in rural settings with high Plasmodium falciparum transmission

2006

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Authors:
WHO, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Publication details

Number of pages: 173
Publication date: 2006
Languages: English

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Overview

Lateral-flow rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and microscopy both provide alternatives to clinical diagnosis and a means to improve treatment and ensure appropriate use of expensive drugs. This study used decision tree analysis to estimate the cost-effectiveness of three diagnostic strategies relative to each other – RDT, presumptive treatment and field-standard microscopy – for use in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa with predominant P. falciparum transmission.