Vector control of malaria
Vector control remains the most generally effective measure to prevent malaria transmission and therefore is one of the four basic technical elements of the Global Malaria Control Strategy.
The principal objective of vector control is the reduction of malaria morbidity and mortality by reducing the levels of transmission. Vector control methods vary considerably in their applicability, cost and sustainability of their results.
The choice of vector control
The choice of vector control will depend on:
- the magnitude of the malaria burden;
- the feasibility of timely and correct application of the required interventions;
- the possibility of sustaining the resulting modified epidemiological situation.
WHO recommends a systematic approach to vector control-based on evidence and knowledge of the local situation. This approach is called Integrated vector management (IVM).
Please refer to report Malaria vector control and personal protection for a review of the current vector control strategies and their effectiveness in various operational and eco-epidemiological settings and identified challenges for implementation in different health systems.