Integrated vector management
Integrated vector management (IVM) is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources in the management of vector populations, so as to reduce or interrupt transmission of vector-borne diseases.
The approach seeks to improve the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness and sustainability of disease-vector control.
Its characteristic features include:
- selection of proven vector control methods based on knowledge of local vector biology and ecology, disease transmission and morbidity;
- utilization of a range of interventions, separately or in combination and often synergistically;
- collaboration within the health sector and with other public and private sectors that impact on vector breeding;
- engagement with local communities and other stakeholders;
- a public health regulatory and legislative framework;
- rational use of insecticides;
- good management practices.
An IVM approach takes into account the available health infrastructure and resources and integrates all available and effective measures, whether chemical, biological, or environmental. IVM also encourages an integrated approach to disease control.