Global plan for insecticide resistance management in malaria vectors (GPIRM)
The Global plan for insecticide resistance management in malaria vectors (GPIRM) is a call to action. Through this document, WHO and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership call on governments of malaria-endemic countries, donor organizations, UN agencies, as well as research and industry partners, to implement a five-pillar strategy to tackle the growing threat of insecticide resistance and to facilitate the development of innovative vector control tools and strategies. Coordinated by the Global Malaria Programme, the GPIRM was developed through a broad-based consultation with over 130 stakeholders representing all constituencies of the malaria community, including malaria endemic countries, multilateral agencies, development partners, academia, and industry. The plan contains the latest available evidence on the extent of insecticide resistance around the world, and puts forward a strategy for global and country levels, identifying clear roles and timelines for all stakeholders. The GPIRM also summarizes information about innovative new products being developed and sets out the immediate research and development priorities.
During the past decade, unprecedented progress has been achieved in malaria control. This has been the result of a significant scale-up of vector control interventions as well as better diagnostic testing and a wider availability of effective medicines to treat malaria. However, reports of insecticide resistance in a number of countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, threaten these fragile gains. Urgent action is required to prevent resistance from emerging at new sites, and to maintain the effectiveness of vector control interventions. In 2011, the World Health Assembly and the Board of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership requested that action be taken to develop a global strategy on insecticide resistance management to serve as the foundation of a coordinated multi-stakeholder response. The GPIRM was developed in response to that request.