Health insurance for the poor: initial impacts of Vietnam's health care fund for the poor Adam Wagstaff, Impact Evaluation Series No. 11Policy; Research Working Paper No. WPS 4134, 2007, The World Bank
This paper reports the results of an impact evaluation of the Health Care Fund for the Poor (HCFP). Vietnam relies heavily on out-of-pocket payments to finance health care - nearly three-quarters of health spending is financed out-of-pocket. A high fraction of Vietnamese households experience catastrophic and/or impoverishing out-of-pocket payments, and Vietnam fares worse in this respect than many other countries around the world; this is despite the fact that the poor use services less.
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