Management for health services delivery

Management of resources and support systems:
Human resources

Workforce planning

  • An Overview of Human Resources for Health (HRH) Projection Models
    2008, The Capacity Project, Technical Brief 12
    Good workforce projection models: (a) are based on clearly-identified HR goals; (b) focus on specific, quantifiable problems;
    (c) use data of acceptable quality; (e) are regularly updated based on progressively reliable data and new developments in population trends and patterns of health services utilization;
    (f) make projections far enough in advance to allow for time to take action. (4 pages, pdf 164kb)
  • Guiding Principles for National Health Workforce Strategies
    2008, Health Workforce Advocacy Initiative
    Takes a comprehensive approach: all cadres, all sectors (public, NGO, private) and linked to broader development strategy; ensures equality and non-discrimination; covers compensation and support, education and training, workplace health, safety, supplies, and infrastructure, supervision and referral systems, quality of care;
    (9 pages, pdf 209kb)
  • An Approach to Estimating Human Resource Requirements to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals
    N. Dreesch, C. Dolea, M. Dal Poz, A. Goubarev, O.Adams, M. Aregawi, K. Bergstrom, H. Fogstad, D. Sheratt, J. Linkins, R. Scherpbier and M. Youssef-Fox, Health Policy and Planning, 2005 20(5):267-276.
    (1) Identify the needs for services
    (2) Identify the interventions required to deliver these services
    (3) Identify the tasks and skills required to deliver those specific interventions
    (4) Estimate the time requirements for each of the interventions
    (5) Identify possible overlaps and synergies
    (6) Estimate adjusted full-time equivalents
    (10 pages, pdf 155kb)
  • Using Mid-level Cadres as Substitutes for Internationally Mobile Health Professionals in Africa - A Desk Review
    Delanyo Dovlo, Human Resources for Health 2004, 2:7
    Substitution and skill mix; types of substitution; regulation and legal frameworks; advantages and disadvantages; comparing costs
    (12 pages, pdf 281kb)
  • Health human resources planning and the production of health: Development of an extended analytical framework for needs based health human resources planning
    S. Birch, G. Kephart, G. Tomblin-Murphy, L.O’Brien-Pallas, R. Alder, A. MacKenzie, 2007, SEDAP Research Paper No. 168
    The requirements for human resources in the future is shown to depend on four elements: the size and demographic mix of the population (demography), the levels of risks to health and morbidity in the population (epidemiology), the services deemed appropriate to address the levels of risks to health and morbidity (standards of care), and the rate of service delivery by providers (productivity). Application of the framework is illustrated using hypothetical scenarios
    (39 pages, pdf 128kb)
  • Guide on Developing a HRM Plan
    Civil Service Bureau, 1996, updated 2005, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Government
    Critical Success Factors for Developing the HRM Plan; A Step-by-Step Approach:
    Step 1 -Conduct a Departmental Strategic Analysis;
    Step 2 - Identify Strategic HR Issues;
    Step 3 - Identify Ongoing HR Issues;
    Step 4 - Prioritize the HR Issues and Determine Actions;
    Step 5 - Draw up the HRM Plan; Samples
    (28 pages, pdf 209kb)
  • The Right to Health and Health Workforce Planning
    2008, Physicians for Human Rights
    A Guide for Government Officials, NGOs, Health Workers and Development Partners
    In-depth guidance on how to incorporate the right to health into health workforce plans. A deliberate focus on human rights will help ensure that plans (and the process of developing, implementing, and monitoring them) are designed to meet the population's health needs, that they give due emphasis to key human rights principles such as equity, participation, and accountability, and that they cover issues that might otherwise be passed over entirely, such as the need for human rights education for all health workers.
    (74 pages, pdf 764kb)