Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

MCA supported publications in peer reviewed journals


Papers on research findings

Arikawa S, Rollins N, Newell ML, Becquet R. Mortality risk and associated factors in HIV-exposed, uninfected children. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. 2016;21(6):720-34.

Modi D, Patel J, Desai S, Shah P. Accessing completeness of pregnancy, delivery, and death registration by Accredited Social Health Activists [ASHA] in an innovative mHealth project in the tribal areas of Gujarat: A cross-sectional study. J Postgrad Med. 2016 Jul-Sep;62(3):170-2. doi: 10.4103/0022-3859.183168.

O'Leary M, Thomas S, Hurt L, Floyd S, Shannon C, Newton S, Thomas G, Amenga-Etego S, Tawiah-Agyemang C, Gram L, Hurt C, Bahl R, Owusu-Agyei S, Kirkwood B, Edmond K. Vaccination timing of low-birth-weight infants in rural Ghana: a population-based, prospective cohort study. Bull World Health Organ. 2016 Jun 1;94(6):442-451D. doi: 10.2471/BLT.15.159699. PubMed PMID: 27274596; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4890206.

Rabbani F, Perveen S, Aftab W, Zahidie A, Sangrasi K and Qazi SA. Health workers’ perspectives, knowledge and skills regarding community case management of childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia: a qualitative inquiry for an implementation research project “Nigraan” in District Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research (2016) 16:462 DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1699-5

Baqui AH, Mitra DK, Begum N, Hurt L, Soremekun S, Edmond K, Kirkwood B, Bhandari N, Taneja S, Mazumder S, Nisar MI, Jehan F, Ilyas M, Ali M, Ahmed I, Ariff S, Soofi SB, Sazawal S, Dhingra U, Dutta A, Ali SM, Ame SM, Semrau K, Hamomba FM, Grogan C, Hamer DH, Bahl R, Yoshida S, Manu A. Neonatal mortality within 24 hours of birth in six low- and lower-middle-income countries. Bull World Health Organ. 2016 Oct 1;94(10):752-758B. PubMed PMID: 27843165; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5043199.

NEOVITA Study Group. Timing of initiation, patterns of breastfeeding, and infant survival: prospective analysis of pooled data from three randomised trials. Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Apr;4(4):e266-75. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)00040-1. PubMed PMID: 27013313.

Bhandari N, Mohan SB, Bose A, Iyengar SD, Taneja S, Mazumder S, Pricilla RA, Iyengar K, Sachdev HS, Mohan VR, Suhalka V, Yoshida S, Martines J, Bahl R for the Study Group. Efficacy of three feeding regimens for home-based management of children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition: a randomised trial in India. BMJ Global Health 2016;1:e000144. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000144

Sangrasi K, Rabbani F, Aftab W, Zahidie A, Perveen S, Abbasi IN, Shah SIA and Qazi SA. Caregivers’ Knowledge, Practices about Childhood Diarrhea and Pneumonia and their Perceptions of Lady Health Worker Program; Findings from NIGRAAN. Implementation Research Project. J Community Med Health Educ 2016, 6:5. DOI: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000475.

Rabbani F, Abbasi IN, Shipton L, Mehboob B, Zahidie A, Sangrasi K, Aftab W, Perveen S and Qazi SA. Challenges in Implementing a Community Based Trial in a Rural Pakistani District: Lessons Learnt from Project NIGRAAN. Health Systems and Policy Research Vol. 3 No. 3: 25.

Mir F, Nisar I, Tikmani SS, Baloch B, Shakoor S, Jehan F, Ahmed I, Cousens S, Zaidi AK. Simplified antibiotic regimens for treatment of clinical severe infection in the outpatient setting when referral is not possible for young infants in Pakistan Simplified Antibiotic Therapy Trial [SATT]): a randomised, open-label, equivalence trial. Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Dec 14. pii: S2214-109X(16)30335-7. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30335-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Tikmani SS, Muhammad AA, Shafiq Y, Shah S, Kumar N, Ahmed I, Azam I, Pasha O, Zaidi AK. Ambulatory Treatment of Fast Breathing in Young Infants Aged <60 days:="" a="" double-blind,="" randomized,="" placebo-controlled="" equivalence="" trial="" in="" low-income="" settlements="" of="" karachi.="" clin="" infect="" dis.="" 2016="" oct="" 19.="" pii:="" ciw690.="" [epub="" ahead="" of="">

Study protocols and method papers

AMANHI maternal, neonatal and stillbirths mortality study group. Burden, timing and causes of maternal and neonatal deaths and stillbirths in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study. J Glob Health. 2016 Dec;6(2):020602. doi: 10.7189/jogh.06.020602. PubMed PMID:27648257.

AMANHI Maternal Morbidity study group. Burden of severe maternal morbidity and association with adverse birth outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study. J Glob Health. 2016 Dec;6(2):020601. doi: 10.7189/jogh.6.020601. PubMed PMID: 27648256.

Islam MS, Baqui AH, Zaidi AK, Bhutta ZA, Panigrahi P, Bose A, Soofi SB, Kazi AM, Mitra DK, Isaac R, Nanda P, Connor NE, Roth DE, Qazi SA, Arifeen SE, Saha SK; ANISA Methods Group. Infection Surveillance Protocol for a Multicountry Population-based Study in South Asia to Determine the Incidence, Etiology and Risk Factors for Infections Among Young Infants of 0 to 59 Days Old. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S9-S15.

Connor NE, Islam MS, Arvay ML, Baqui AH, Zaidi AK, Soofi SB, Panigrahi P, Bose A, Islam M, Arifeen SE, Saha SK, Qazi SA; ANISA Methods Group. Methods Employed in Monitoring and Evaluating Field and Laboratory Systems in the ANISA Study: Ensuring Quality. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S39-44. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001105.

Ahmed S, Ariff S, Soofi SB, Hussain A, Hotwani A, Yaqoob M, Qureshi SM, Ahmed I, Islam MS, Saha SK, Bhutta ZA. Challenges in Implementation of the ANISA Protocol at the Matiari Site, Pakistan. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S65-9. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001110.

Mitra DK, Mahmud A, Begum N, Rafiqullah I, Roy A, Moin SM, Islam M, Quaiyum MA, Ferdous J, Applegate JA, Saha SK, Baqui AH. Implementation of the ANISA Protocol in Sylhet, Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions. Pediatr Infect Dis J.2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S55-9. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001108

Research prioritization papers

Yoshida S, Martines J, Lawn JE, Wall S, Souza JP, Rudan I, …. Bahl R. Setting research priorities to improve global newborn health and prevent stillbirths by 2025. J Glob Health. 2016 Jun;6(1):010508. PubMed PMID: 26401272; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4576458.

Rudan I, Yoshida S, Chan KY, Cousens S, Sridhar D, Bahl R, Martines J. Setting health research priorities using the CHNRI method: I. Involving funders. J Glob Health. 2016 Jun;6(1):010301. doi: 10.7189/jogh.06.010301. PubMed PMID: 26401269; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4576461.

Nagata JM, Ferguson BJ, Ross DA. Research priorities for eight areas of adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries. J Adolescent Health 2016;59(1):50-60. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.03.016.

Systematic reviews

Rollins NC, Bhandari N, Hajeebhoy N, Horton S, Lutter CK, Martines JC, et al. Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices? Lancet. 2016;387(10017):491-504.

Chikhungu LC, Bispo S, Rollins N, Siegfried N, Newell ML. HIV-free survival at 12-24 months in breastfed infants of HIV-infected women on antiretroviral treatment. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. 2016;21(7):820-8.

Tripathi A, Kabra SK, Sachdev HP, Lodha R. Home visits by community health workers to improve identification of serious illness and care seeking in newborns and young infants from low- and middle-income countries. J Perinatol. 2016 May;36 Suppl 1:S74-82. doi: 10.1038/jp.2016.34. PubMed PMID: 27109094;

Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJ, França GV, Horton S, Krasevec J, Murch S, Sankar MJ, Walker N, Rollins NC; Lancet Breastfeeding Series Group. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. Lancet. 2016 Jan 30;387(10017):475-90. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7. Review. PubMed PMID: 26869575.

Gülmezoglu AM, Lawrie TA, Hezelgrave N, Oladapo OT, Souza JP, Gielen M, Lawn JE, Bahl R, Althabe F, Colaci D, Hofmeyr GJ. Interventions to Reduce Maternal and Newborn Morbidity and Mortality. In: Black RE, Laxminarayan R, Temmerman M, Walker N, editors. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health: Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 2). Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank; 2016 Apr 05. Chapter 7. PubMed PMID: 27227224.

Coast E, Jones E, Lattof SR & Portela A. (2016) Effectiveness of interventions to provide culturally appropriate maternity care in increasing uptake of skilled maternity care: a systematic review. Health Policy and Planning doi: 10.1093/heapol/czw065

Filby A, McConville F & Portela A (2016) What Prevents Quality Midwifery Care? A Systematic Mapping of Barriers in Low and Middle Income Countries from the Provider Perspective. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0153391. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153391

Lodha R, Randev S, Kabra SK. Oral Antibiotics for Community acquired Pneumonia with Chest indrawing in Children Aged Below Five Years: A Systematic Review. Indian Pediatr. 2016;53:489-95.


Costello A, Dua T, Duran P, Gulmezoglu M, Oladapo OT, Perea W, et al. Defining the syndrome associated with congenital Zika virus infection. Bull World Health Organ. 2016;94(6):406-A

Rabbani F, Shipton L , Aftab W, Sangrasi K, Perveen S and Zahidie A. Inspiring health worker motivation with supportive supervision: a survey of lady health supervisor motivating factors in rural Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research (2016) 16:397 DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1641-x.

Rabbani F, Zarhidie A, Sangrasi K. Combating Childhood Pneumonia and Diarrhea at Community Level: Potential of mHealth to improve interaction among health workers. Inf Dis J Pak 2016; 24:836-837

Marston C, Hinton R, Kean S, Baral S, Ahuja A, Costello A & Portela A. (2016) Community participation for transformative action on women’s children’s and adolescents’ Health. Bull World Health Organ 94:376–382 doi:

Saha SK, Arifeen SE, Schrag SJ. Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA): An Initiative to Identify Appropriate Program Priorities to Save Newborns. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S6-8. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001099.

Ahmed S, Ariff S, Soofi S et al. Challenges in Implementation of the ANISA Protocol at the Matiari Site, Pakistan. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 May;35(5 Suppl 1): S65-S69.doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001110.

Bose A, Isaac R, Balaji V et al. Challenges in Implementation of ANISA Protocol at the Vellore Site, India. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1): S70-S73. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001111.

Satpathy R, Nanda P, Nanda NC et al.Challenges in Implementation of the ANISA Protocol at the Odisha Site in India. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1): S74-S78. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001112.

Desale M, Thinkhamrop J, Lumbiganon P, Qazi S, Anderson J. Ending preventable maternal and newborn deaths due to infection, Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2016;36:116-130. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.05.008

Chersich M, Becerril-Montekio V, Becerra-Posada F, Dumbaugh M, Kavanagh J, Blaauw F, Thwala S, Kern E, Penn-Kekana L, Vargas E, Mlotshwa L, Dhana A, Mannava P, Portela A, Tristan M, Rees H & Biljmakers L. (2016) Perspectives on the methods of a large systematic mapping of maternal health interventions. Globalization and Health, 12(1):51 doi 10.1186/s12992-016-0191-7

Jehan F, Qazi S. Treating Sick Young Infants With Only Fast Breathing With Oral Amoxicillin in Resource-Limited Settings: Taking the High Road? Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 19. pii: ciw695. [Epub ahead of print]

Kallander K, Burgess DH, Qazi SA. Early identification and treatment of pneumonia: a call to action. Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Jan;4(1):e12-3.

Zahidie A, Sangrasi K, Iqbal S, Perveen S,Aftab W and Rabbani F. Strengthening Health System: Using Mobile Phones for Coordinated Community Case Management of Childhood Diarrhea and Pneumonia in District Badin, Pakistan. Health Sys & Pol Res 2016; 3:2-7.

Rabbani F and Zahidie A. Recent Strategies to Improve Community Case Management of Diarrhea among Children under Five in Developing Countries. Book Chapter – Diarrhea Treatment. Avid Science; 2016.

Fitchett EJA, Seale AC, Vergnano S, Sharland M, Heath PT, Saha SK, Agarwal R, Ayede AI, Bhutta ZA, Black R, Bojang K, Campbell H, Cousens S, Darmstadt GL, Madhi SA, Meulen AS, Modi N, Patterson J, Qazi S, Schrag SJ, Stoll BJ, Wall SN, Wammanda RD, Lawn JE; SPRING (Strengthening Publications Reporting Infection in Newborns Globally) Group. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology for Newborn Infection (STROBE-NI): an extension of the STROBE statement for neonatal infection research. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 ;16:e202-e213. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30082-2.

Hibberd PL, Qazi SA. Population-based Novel Molecular Diagnostics to Move the Neonatal Sepsis Agenda Forward. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 May;35(5 Suppl 1):S1-2. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001097.

Hossain B, Weber MW, Hamer DH, Hibberd PL, Ahmed AS, Marzan M, Islam M, Connor NE, Islam MS, Zaidi AK, Baqui AH, Bhutta ZA, Qureshi SM, Rafiqullah I, McGee L, Saha SK. Classification of Blood Culture Isolates Into Contaminants and Pathogens on the Basis of Clinical and Laboratory Data. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S52-4. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001107.

Hossain B, Islam MS, Rahman A, Marzan M, Rafiqullah I, Connor NE, Hasanuzzaman M, Islam M, Hamer DH, Hibberd PL, Saha SK. Understanding Bacterial Isolates in Blood Culture and Approaches Used to Define Bacteria as Contaminants: A Literature Review. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S45-51. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001106.

Connor NE, Hossain T, Rahman QS, Islam MS, Islam M, Hossain B, McGee L, Diaz MH, Schrag SJ, Arifeen SE, Saha SK; ANISA Methods Group. Development and Implementation of the ANISA Labeling and Tracking System for Biological Specimens. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S29-34. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001103.

Rahman QS, Islam MS, Hossain B, Hossain T, Connor NE, Jaman MJ, Rahman MM, Ahmed AS, Ahmed I, Ali M, Moin SM, Mullany L, Saha SK, Arifeen SE; ANISA Methods Group. Centralized Data Management in a Multicountry, Multisite Population-based Study. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1):S23-8. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000001102.

Mitra D, Mahmud Arif, Begum N et al Implementation of the ANISA Protocol in Sylhet, Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(5 Suppl 1): S55-S59. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001108.

Shafiq Y, Nisar MI, Kazi AM et al. Implementation of the ANISA Study in Karachi, Pakistan: Challenges and Solutions. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 ;35(5 Suppl 1): S60-S64. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001109

Patton GC, Sawyer SM, Santelli JS, Ross DA, Afifi R, Allen NB, Arora M, Azzopardi P, Baldwin W, Bonell C, Kakuma R, Kennedy E, Mahon J, McGovern T, Mokdad AH, Patel V, Petroni S, Reavley N, Taiwo K, Waldfogel J, Wickremarathne D, Barroso C, Bhutta Z, Fatusi AO, Mattoo A, Diers J, Fang J, Ferguson J, Ssewamala F, Viner RM. Our future: a Lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. Lancet 2016;387:2423-78.