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Quiz: How much do you know about antibiotic resistance?

1 Antibiotics are powerful medicines that kill:

Antibiotics are medicines that treat bacterial infections. They do not cure infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold or flu. Taking antibiotics when you do NOT need them can prevent them working when you DO need them.

2 Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can spread to humans through:

Antibiotics are given to humans, livestock, fish and crops. Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change and become resistant to the antibiotics used to treat the infections they cause. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria spread through contact with humans, animals, food or water that are carrying them.

3 Stop using antibiotics as soon as you feel better

MYTH! It is very important that you take the right antibiotic at the right dose for the right duration. By taking the full course at the full dose, even if you start to feel better earlier, you should kill all of the bacteria that made you sick and not leave any to mutate and become resistant.

4 What can happen if I get an antibiotic-resistant infection?

Antibiotic resistance is happening everywhere in the world, affecting people of all ages. It is one of the biggest threats to public health today. Antibiotic resistant infections can take longer to treat, may require more frequent doctor visits, possible hospital stays, more severe side effects and expensive treatments. Serious, isn’t it?

5 Antibiotic resistance is already out of control and it's only getting worse. There's nothing I can do.

While antibiotic resistance is a naturally occurring phenomenon, the misuse and over-use of antibiotics in plants, animals and humans has accelerated this process to dangerously high levels. BUT it’s not too late to reduce the impact of antibiotic resistance and we all have a part to play in preserving the effectiveness of antibiotics.

6 I can help tackle antibiotic resistance if I:

Taking action to prevent infections, such as by getting vaccinated, will stop you from getting sick and reduce your need for antibiotics. And remember: if you do get sick, always consult your doctor about whether you need antibiotics. Get a prescription and always finish your course of antibiotic treatment (even if you feel better).

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Countdown to World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2015