The President of Chile and the WHO Director-General launch global Commission to tackle the "causes behind the causes of ill-health"
Facts and figures
During the three-year mandate of the Commission, the Scientific Secretariat at the University College London will issue updated facts and figures on topics relevant to social determinants of health.
Examples of health inequities
- Mortality among children aged under five ranges from between 316 per 1000 live births in Sierra Leone (highest in the world) to three per 1000 in Iceland (lowest in the world). 
- Life expectancy at birth ranges from 34 years in Sierra Leone (lowest in the world) to 81.9 in Japan (highest in the world). 
- The probability of a man dying between ages 15 and 60 is 8.3% in Sweden, 46.4% in Russia, 90.2% in Lesotho. 
- Births attended by skilled health personnel range from 100% in Sweden to 12% in Bangladesh and 6% in Ethiopia. 
- In Indonesia, under-five mortality is nearly four times higher in the poorest fifth of the population than in the richest fifth. 
- In the USA, there is a twenty-year gap in life expectancy between the least and most advantaged. 
- In England and Wales there was a 7.4 year gap in life expectancy between men in professional occupations and men in unskilled manual occupations (1997-1999 figures). 
- In Australia, there is a 20-year gap in life expectancy between Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the Australian average (1999 – 2001 figures). 
- The postneonatal (28 days-11 months) death rate for American Indians and Alaska Native people is almost double that of white Americans. 
- In Northern Ireland among women, those in the lowest social class are 60% more likely to experience some form of neurotic disorder than those in the highest social class. 
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 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Commissioner, Statistics, Human Rights and Equal Opportunities Commission. A statistical overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia, 2003).
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 Ministry for health, social services, and public safety. Investing for Health. Belfast: Northern Ireland Assembly, 2002. http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/publications/2002/investforhealth.asp.